of nitrogen per acre to a following spring crop. Common vetch hay shows a progressive decrease of digestibility and degradability as its vegetative structures mature, unlike hairy vetch (Vicia villosa), which benefits from a compensatory effect produced by increasing grain proportions as the plant ages. The importance of Hairy Vetch is high as its benefits are more and so are Hairy Vetch Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. Just be sure to mow before the seeds mature. Fava beans . To plant hairy vetch, plow the soil as you would for any regular crop. A decoction of the bark has been used as an emetic. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Please visit our sponsors. Vetch is a pretty good potherb, if you go for the younger leaves. Hairy Vetch medicinal uses are: Not Available. The plant is … Hairy vetch, ( Vicia villosa ), aka sand vetch or winter vetch, is the most winter-hardy of the vetches. Not all parts of nominally “edible” plants are edible: Parts of some edible plants are toxic. Tufted Vetch is more common in northern Minnesota and Hairy Vetch is more common in the central and southern counties. Many ornamental plants also posses some medical benefits which we are unaware of. Species with edible parts are highlighted in green. Vicia loiseleurii . Native to Europe and Asia, it is a winter plant sown in the Fall and, in places where it snows, is killed off with the cold or tilled into fields. It can fix Nitrogen. In some cases, one part of the plant may be edible while another may be toxic. Common vetch is one of the better ones. It will do well in soils too acidic for many clovers and alfalfas. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Long ago, when Allopathy was not a part of medical science, plants were the major source of medicine used for almost all types of health issues. Go ahead and explore all the characteristics of plants and become a successful gardener. GROWING CONDITIONS FOR THIS PLANT. Hairy vetch was introduced from Europe as a forage crop for livestock, and to stabilize banks and roadsides. Hairy Vetch plant is a Annual and Biennials plant and grows in habitat: Cultivated Beds and Waste areas. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. We provide you with everything There are many characteristics of plants that makes them endlessly fascinating. Without something to climb, vetch can reach heights of about one foot, but grows much higher with a form of support, such as a fence. Vetch (Vicia villosa) or hairy vetch is an interestingly named legume that thrives during the winter. Well, you are at the right place to know the answer. Purple flowers form in early to mid summer. Most of the plant is edible and some species actually taste decent. It is in flower from June to September. Its water requirements are as follows: Vicia ambigua, Vicia eriocarpa, Vicia microphylla, No serious insect or disease problems, Pests and diseases free, Remove damaged leaves, Remove dead branches, Remove dead leaves, As a tea substitute, useful as a ground cover, Purple Bounty Vetch and Paeonia Lactiflora. Learning about the characteristics of different plants will help you to identify them correctly. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields Characteristics. Large seeded cover crops like peas, hairy vetch, wheat, oats, and grain rye should be broadcast at the rate of ¼ pounds per 100 square feet. Systemic granulomatous is thought, in part, to stem from the ingestion of plants that are known to contain high levels of the trace-mineral selenium, such as the hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). Plant hairy vetch in late summer or autumn at least 30 days before the first average frost date in your area. Horses that graze the toxic hairy vetch plant are at substantial risk of developing a potentially life-ending condition known as systemic granulomatous disease (SGD), or equine sarcoidosis (ES). Plants have the ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are used to perform very important biological functions. But even if we know the uses of the plant, one should also know which part of the plant could be used. Many plants are used for medicinal purposes. This ancient herbal knowledge is still being used by many doctors for curing health issues. Advisory: Do not intentionally plant this in your garden as it can quickly take over. your own Pins on Pinterest Description An annual with stems 4-6 feet in length, with hairy stems and leaves. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a legume that's related to peas and beans. Hairy vetch is planted in the fall wherever it is grown. Rye and hairy vetch is an awesome way to get free nitrogen fertilizer into your soil!http://www.greenhorngardening.com/claim Plant database entry for Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa) with 20 images, one comment, and 21 data details. They help to maintain the ecological balance of our planet. 2. I am really upset that I didn't come up with that name, considering myself somewhat of a vetch enthusiast and all. Vicia hirsuta is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Tufted Vetch is more common in northern Minnesota and Hairy Vetch is more common in the central and southern counties. They are as follows: Want to know all about Hairy Vetch plant? Crown vetch is an extremely aggressive perennial that is used for erosion control, not as a cover crop. The plant is self-fertile. Well-nodulated hairy vetch can enrich the soil with 60 to 120 lb/acre of nitrogen through nitrogen fixation. Vetch has ½-inch long dagger-shaped leaves. When planted alone as a winter cover crop in annual vegetable rotations, it can provide as much as 110 lbs. Is it edible? Know which kind you are dealing with. Vicia cracca (tufted vetch, cow vetch, bird vetch, blue vetch, boreal vetch), is a species of vetch native to Europe and Asia. Vicia lathyroides spring vetch Vicia laxiflora slender vetch Vicia leucophaea Mogollon Mountain vetch Vicia lilacina . Vetch (n.). It often occurs in disturbed habitats, including old fields and roadside ditches. We’ve found the following wild and feral edible plants in the East Bay urban ecosystem. Description. Here we provide you with all the information about all plants in the garden. It is normally seeded at 20 to 40 pounds per acre. 3. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a trailing winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation. Hairy vetch is a winter annual legume that offers a number of potential benefits to row-crop or livestock producers when used as a winter cover crop. The seeds of Vicia sativa have been reported to contain cyanide. In a mixture, 50 pounds of rye and 15 to 20 pounds of vetch per acre should be used. Amanda, hairy vetch is an exotic species that will expand and create dense mats that can smother other plants. Horses that graze the toxic hairy vetch plant are at substantial risk of developing a potentially life-ending condition known as systemic granulomatous disease (SGD), or equine sarcoidosis (ES). The vetch family is one of the highest producers of nitrogen and is an excellent source of food protein, biomass, as well as a pollinator attractant. Better to plant natives, most of which are pollinator-friendly and/or hosts for butterflies. It can be leaves, fruits, flowers, stem, seeds or the roots too. Palatable as green and dry matter. The crushed plant has been rubbed on rheumatic joints and cramps. ... For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Amazon.com : No-Till Farm and Garden Cover Crop Mix Seeds - 1 Lbs - Blend of Gardening Cover Crop Seeds: Hairy Vetch, Daikon Radish, Forage Collards, Triticale, More : Garden & Outdoor University of Missouri Extension considers the plant not a true vetch. Tufted Vetch is most easily confused with Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa), which has distinctly longer, spreading hairs on stems and stalks where Tufted Vetch is more sparsely and minutely hairy. I have absolutely no idea what it is or anything about it but the name is just the most perfect name in all the world and I am going to be swimming in hairy vetch come next spring. The vetch family is one of the highest producers of nitrogen and is an excellent source of food protein, biomass, as well as a pollinator attractant. This article in the Washington Post even talks about growing vetch as a cover crop before planting tomatoes, promising healthier and higher-yielding tomato plants. The characteristics make a huge difference in your garden plant choice. If you are a passionate gardener, you should not only know how to take care of your plants but should also know their uses. Other uses of this plant are: As a tea substitute and useful as a ground cover. Large seeded cover crops like peas, hairy vetch, wheat, oats, and grain rye should be broadcast at the rate of ¼ pounds per 100 square feet. Vetch is a pretty good potherb, if you go for the younger leaves. The branches have curly tendrils that find and cling to fences and other plants. Hairy vetch prefers well-drained soils with a pH of 6.0-7.0, and will do poorly in clay or wet fields. Systemic granulomatous is thought, in part, to stem from the ingestion of plants that are known to contain high levels of the trace-mineral selenium, such as the hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). Generally, the plants which posses some medicinal uses fall under List of Herbs. Importance of Hairy Vetch. Light: Full to partial sun Shade: Tolerates light to full shade depending on the species Moisture: Prefers medium moisture soils. To add to the confusion, it is sometimes referred to as Securigera varia. They are annuals that can easily be killed when time comes to plant the main crop. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. The young shoots are edible raw, but better cooked. They require pruning, proper watering and proper fertilizing. Vetch leaves all have the trademark little thin leaves sticking out 90 degrees along both sides of the leaf stem. Read More. Uses can be of many types: aesthetic uses, beauty benefits, medicinal benefits, etc. The leaves have 10-20 leaflets up to 1 inch in length which are narrow and lance-shaped. This plant is also compared to rhubarb and can be used in the same fashion. Beside beauty benefits and aesthetic uses, there are some additional uses of the plant, which can be beneficial to know and improve its usability. It’s important to provide time for the roots to establish before the ground freezes in winter. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) is a trailing winter annual, biennial, or summer annual weed that forms large mats of vegetation.The leaves of hairy vetch are oblong, with 5-10 pairs of leaves per leaflet. It also produces an excellent seed crop that attracts quail and turkey. While considering Hairy Vetch Care, fertilizers is very important. hairy yellow vetch Vicia hyrcanica vetch Vicia incisa . 1. If you are planning to have Hairy Vetch in your garden, we provide you with all Hairy Vetch uses and Hairy Vetch Facts. It has been reported to grow … Vetch. Feb 9, 2013 - Fall planted cover crop helps the soil and looks great all winter. There are many characteristics of Hairy Vetch. The root systems of cover crops like vetch condition soils by maintaining pore spaces that allow for air and water movement. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Hairy vetch develops best under cool temperature conditions on fertile loam soils; it is also productive on sandy or clay soils. Hairy vetch is planted in the fall wherever it is grown. The choice of garden plant depends upon the characteristics whether the plant is flowering or non flowering, Perennial Flowers or Summer Plants. Hairy vetch and common vetch are also frequently planted as a cover crop. Grows 3 to 8 feet high; hardy to 15° F. Bell bean is a shorter (3-foot) relative. Like other legumes, this plant is wonderful for adding nitrogen to your soil.