sigur plateau upsc


Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. This quiz is intended to introduce you to concepts and certain important facts relevant to UPSC IAS civil services preliminary exam 2020. Your email address will not be published. Much to the relief of local residents, officials and tourists, Veerapan was killed by Tamilnadu Government in October 2004. UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus, Strategy & Structure, Previous Years Geography Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 1, Topic-Wise General Studies Paper-1 Questions in UPSC Mains. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. Current Affairs ... as introducing large herbivores to the extremely sensitive Sigur plateau could have even more serious consequences on the local wildlife. The Damodar River originates here and flows through a rift valley. [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. It has its formation associated with the breaking of Gondwana land. Average daytime temperatures vary from 32 °C (89.6 °F) in summer to 20 °C (68.0 °F) in Winter. ... (UPSC CSE 2019) | Mock Interview – Watch On YouTube. The captive elephants in the sanctuary are no longer used for timber extraction work. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. The elevation of the plateau surface in this part is about 700 m (2,300 ft) and gradually slopes down towards south-east into the hilly and undulating region of Singhbhum (earlier the Singhbhum district or what is now the Kolhan division). [16] The Tamil Nadu state government will initiate efforts to declare The Sigur Plateau as a buffer zone to Mudumalai National Park due to its importance as a wildlife corridor between the Western ghats and the Eastern Ghats. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. Sep 27,2020 - UPSC Prelims Past Year Paper 2017: Paper 1 (GS) | 100 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. Plateaus are often by themselves with no surrounding plateau. In 2011, the Madras HC upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. [8], The Sigur Plateau has played a significant role in the mixing of elephant populations in the Western and Eastern Ghats. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. These plateaus are one of the ancient landmasses on the surface of the earth. [8], On 26 August 2010, Jairam Ramesh the Indian Minister of State for Environment and Forests asked Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu M Karunanidhi for the Tamil Nadu government to favourably consider a proposal from his ministry to declare the Sigur Plateau in the Nilgiris as a buffer zone of the Mudumalai National Park. [citation needed], The five major streams in the Sigur plateau are the Moyar River, the Sigur River, the Avarahalla River, the Kedarhalla River and the Gundattihalla River, which originate in the Nilgiris plateau. Along the river and stream courses, there are dense shola, or dwarf moist deciduous forest in both the west and east parts of the plateau. EVICTION OF RESORTS IN ELEPHANT CORRIDOR | UPSC LAW OPTIONAL MAINS CURRENT AFFAIRS | ENVIRONMENTAL LAW The Elephant corridor situated in Sigur Plateau, connecting Western and Eastern Ghats is famous for large population of Elephants in Tamil Nadu. NW Bandipur National Park & Nagarhole National Park, N-Mysore District, Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims Context : The sighting of a pair of critically endangered Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region.. Concept :. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. For the preparation of the IAS Exam, this article will brief you about: The physical features of India are important to be read about for the preparation of civil services examination. It stretches through the countries of Tibet, China, and India and occupies an area of 2.5 million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles), which is four times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). Required fields are marked *. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. What current affairs are important from the perspective of the exam. Watch to learn: How UPSC frames questions for prelims. The Ranchi Plateau is the largest part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. [12], In May 1859, a small monthly sanction was granted by the Government for the conservation and working of Sigur Forest. The elephants are now engaged mainly for Eco-tourism, patrolling for anti poaching operations, to control Man-Elephant conflict outside the sanctuary and as a conservation and training center for elephants which can be visited by public. It has … [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. It is a plateau in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and forms a part of Nigiri Biosphere Reserve. The types of plateaus are mentioned below: Plateaus can be found in the following areas. Of volcanic origin, the plateau comprises central Madhya Pradesh state and southeastern Rajasthan state. Learn the different types of plateaus and what causes plateaus. [19], Due to rainfall differences, there are tropical dry deciduous forest, part of the South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests ecoregion in the west part of Sigur, while the eastern part has more thorn scrub forests. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1 Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1. 13 Jan 2021. National Geographic describes plateaus as flat and elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. This area supports over 6,300 elephants,[5] that represents the largest single population of elephants and tigers in India. "[14], In the late 1700s, Tipu Sultan maintained a fort and trading route between the Kingdom of Mysore and Travancore, along the Moyar River here. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 15 times. South of the Sigur Plateau is the higher Nilgiris Plateau. Subject: Environment. Jan 01, 2021 - Previous Year Questions (PYQs): Geography Prelims Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS Exam. [29] These are cattle grazing, coffee and tea plantations and other crops cultivation, private tourist resorts, Invasive weeds, fuel wood collection, non-timber forest products (NTFP) collection, legal status of the corridor, and vehicular traffic particularly during night hours. Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. Issu They include, from east to west: Sigur, Anaikatti, Chokkanalli, Vazhaithottam, Sholur, Masinagudi, Boothanatham, Mavanhalla, Bokkapuram, Hundi Moyar, Singhara, Tippakadu, Siriyur, Chamanatham and Kurumbarpallam. 69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. Tibetan Plateau (China) – It is the highest and biggest plateau on earth. The Moyar River running through a dense forest is a good place to see animals when they come to drink water from the river. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [32], There are many visitor attractions in the Mudumalai park. Recently, the sighting of a pair of Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region. [37], R.Venkitachalam (2014)Status and Distribution of the Endangered resident Gyps Vulture species in Nilgiri Bio-sphere Reserve, Western Ghats in India.WWF-Final Report.pp 21, Dr. V. S. Vijayan p.32, Annexe Table 1: Statewise breakup of the various forest administrative units forming part of the NBR, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Your email address will not be published. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [24], These forests are home to indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community. A) None of the above statements are true. Half of It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. It has the Nilgiri hills on its south-western side and the Moyar river valley on its north-eastern side. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. [30] An estimated 1,801 tons of firewood are collected from the Sigur Plateau annually. Of the 55 tourist facilities on the plateau only two had legally run bars, however, most of the facilities do serve alcohol to their guests. The Politics of Conservation as Translated in Mudumalai", "Western Ghats sub cluster, Niligiris. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. It is located in the Astore and Skardu districts of Gilgit-Baltistan. [15], Sigur Plateau comprises about 448.3 km2 (173.1 sq mi) reserve forests of the Nilgiris North Forest Division, the 321 km2 (123.9 sq mi) Mudumalai National Park and about 16.2 km2 (6.3 sq mi) of private lands. In 2011, the Madras HC had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. The north side of the plateau is defined by the Moyar River and the 260 metres (853 ft) deep Moyar Gorge. The Deccan Plateau has western ghats and eastern ghats of India. The prominent features of Indian Peninsular Plateau: Choose the correct answer from the below-given options. [6], The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which includes Sigur Plateau and the Nilgiri Hills, is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. [4], It is an important link between several contiguous protected areas forming the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, the largest protected forest area in India. The causes of the formation of the plateaus are: Some of the famous plateaus across the globe are given below. The largest plateau in the world is the Tibetan Plateau, located in central Asia. One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for vultures. The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. [9][10], In 1954, the tiger was still classified as vermin in the Nilgiri Hills. ; It is an important wildlife corridor (for elephants and tigers) maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. [33], Good wildlife sighting opportunities are the Elephant Safari and Van Safari, conducted by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department departing from park headquarters at Theppakadu. [11], In 1954, a young man-eating male Bengal tiger named the "Tiger of Segur" killed 5 people between Sigur and Anaikatty villages in the Sigur Plateau. It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. The population of Asian king vultures has declined over the last five decades in India. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ The Nilgiris North Forest Division includes the Sigur Range 257.3 km2 (99.3 sq mi), Coonoor Range176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi) and the Udhagai North Range 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi),[1] which are in turn divided into the Kambatti reserve forest, the Sigur reserve forest, the Kalhatti Slopes reserve forest, the Singara reserve forest, Bokkapuram reserve forest, Moyar reserve forest and Northern Hay reserve forest. Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from Theppakadu, is a waterfall with a scenic view. [19] ... UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (English) UPSC Current Affairs PDF 20.10.2020 (Hindi) Here are the links: [24][25] This quiz is very helpful for your preparation and selection into the government exams. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. Deccan Plateau (India) – It extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. The Supreme Court has upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government notification declaring an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District.… Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh These plateaus are formed over millions of years. With only a small a sum to commence with, it was some time before any wood could be collected. Aspirants can check the other geography-related articles that can complement your preparation: Plateau is an area of raised land that is flat on top. Similar to Peninsular Plateaus of India, there are other famous plateaus in the world. Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. Read to know the simple definition of a plateau. How to minimize one’s mistakes and maximize score The area extends from south of Brahmagiri hills through Wayanad Plateau and the Mysore Plateau which gets connected to Sigur Plateau and Moyar River Valley. Answer: It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and situated in Tamil Nadu. [19], Across the Moyar River, the Sigur Plateau is adjacent on the north to the Mysore Plateau, referred to as the Talamalai Range, bordered on the west by Nilgiri District, north by Mysore District, east by the Sattyamangalam Range and south by the Moyar River and Gorge. [18] Katanga Plateau (Congo) – Famous for copper mines, East African Plateau – Famous for Gold and Diamond mining, Broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills, Central Highlands of India and Deccan Plateau are the two main divisions of the Indian Peninsular Plateau. It is a nomadic survival place for Elephants in the form of forest. ... Sigur Plateau, Mudumalai National Park and Bandipur National Park. Malwa Plateau, plateau region in north-central India. Specimens of some animals who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle are preserved in a museum near the Elephant feeding camp. [3], The Sigur Plateau is notable as an important wildlife corridor maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats to sustain elephant and tiger numbers and their genetic diversity. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. There are also many unauthorised small homestays operating. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. Beyond News. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. 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However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. The plateau is highly dissected. The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. Chotanagpur Plateau (India) – It has huge reserves of iron, coal, and manganese. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. If you score less, please … Continue reading "QUIZ – 2020: Insights Current Affairs Quiz, 23 October 2020" This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. Dogra, IFS, Rakesh Kumar, Wildlife Warden, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, "Conservation perspective of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, Southern India", "Can a Tiger Change Its Stripes? The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. [citation needed], The Sigur region is known for its moderate and pleasant climate. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. The southern western ghats with an area of 7000 sq. However, the means for working the forest on a larger scale were obtained by an early sale of sandal wood,[13] What is a plateau? [7], A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for Vultures. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. The following quiz will have 5-10 MCQs. If it’s your second attempt, share your previous score along with present score as well. [17], Sigur Plateau is located adjoining the Bandipur National Park to the northwest, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary to the west, and Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Nilgiris East ranges to the east. It is an indirect tax on the supply of final goods and services. The Moyar River Gorge, also called the Moyar Canyon, is a dramatic 20 km (12 mi) long gorge which plunges into the gorge below Theppakadu in a roaring water-fall popularly known as Moyar falls. The public roads: Kakkanalli – Torapalli road, Teppakkadu – Masanagudi road and Moyar – Masanagudi road are also rewarding places to see wild life in the Sanctuary. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ The population of the Asian king vulture, like most vulture species in India, has crashed over the last five decades. Due to the Sigur wildlife corridor, the entire area has the highest elephant population in India. Some of the higher elevations of the plateau have montane grassland habitats. [16][27], The forests of Sigur, Singara and Nilgiris East ranges were also the territory of the notororius Indian bandit Koose Muniswamy Veerapan, who made a living poaching ivory and sandalwood from the forests and selling them on the black market. This part is of volcanic nature and has igneous rocks. [34][35], There are at least 66 tourist resorts catering to wildlife tourism, especially in the areas of Masinagudi and Bokkapuram. It is important that the forest should be allowed to recover, as it is the main source of supply to Utakamund for house-building purposes. (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. Tourist facilities in these six villages cover 791 acres (3.2 km2). 5 MCQs from UPSC Previous Years Questions + 11 MCQs for practice from Rau’s Prelims Test Series 2021. It is not a test of your knowledge. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. Download plateaus notes PDF for UPSC Exam preparation. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. As agriculture expanded and tiger habitat shrank, Tamil Nadu stopped all tiger hunting in the Sigur reserve in 1965. The second-highest plateau is the Deosai Plateau of the Deosai National Park (also known as Deoasai Plains) at an average elevation of (13,497 ft). Rainfall is locally variable, with the western part of the plateau lying in a rain shadow region, receiving less than 500 millimetres (19.7 in) annually, while the east part receives more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of rainfall. According to SC, it’s the State’s duty to protect a “keystone species” like elephants, which are immensely important to the environment. India’s Peninsular Plateaus are one of its major physical features. The Peninsular plateau is a tableland composed of the old crystalline, igneous and metamorphic rocks. [23], In 2010, Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment and Forests, stated to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu that "adding the Segur Plateau as a buffer to Mudumalai would strengthen the population status of tiger, its co-predators and prey in the landscape". The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. The Moyar valley and the nearby Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris, are among the few remaining places in India where vultures can be found. Enrich Your Learning: Sigur Plateau. A pair of Asian king vultures have been sighted in Sigur plateau in Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu. 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016), xaam.in, 26 questions in UPSC CSE Prelims 2017 repeated from Previous Year question papers compilation (1979-2016) 3 Mountain ranges border it. Usually, plateaus are formed when magma which is located deep inside the earth, pushes towards the surface but fails to break through the crust. [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. ←Burning Issue] Recent IPCC reports → Detailed Analysis of UPSC Mains GS 2 Paper (70 Percent Questions Came from CD Test Series) The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles.

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