feminist film theory


In the USA, the theory was based on sociological theory, with a focus on the function of female characters within the narratives/genres of films. The development of feminist film theory was influenced by second wave feminism and the development of women's studies in the 1960s and '70s. Managing Your PCOS with Megan Hallett – Supplements, Birth order and how it affects your personality. Feminist film theory of the last twenty years is heavily influenced by the general transformation in the field of aesthetics, including the new options of articulating the gaze, offered by psychoanalytical French feminism, like Bracha Ettinger's feminine, maternal and matrixial gaze. } These models may romanticize women, but they offer more complex accounts of the social nature of the self than the Althusserian-Lacanian ones, since the self is essentially configured in relation to others (mothers, children, sisters, friends, lovers). Whereas, in Britain, the focus was on critical theory, psychoanalysis, semiotics (symbols) and Marxism. This approach is odd. Why is theory needed at all; what is it a theory of or about? In 1973 (published 1975) she wrote an essay ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema,’ one the first major essays to shift film theory towards a psychoanalytic framework. Postmodern feminists also present alternatives to a Lacanian-Althusserian theory of the self or subject, since they question standard notions of human identity based on categories of bodily integrity, race, ethnicity, class standpoint, or even gender. Influenced by theories from Freud and Jaques Lacan, she argued that the viewer is placed in the male subject positions. forms: { feminist film theory itself, phenomena of the late 1960s and early 1970s: the women's movement, independent filmmaking, and academic film studies. To begin from a certain theory of the self or pleasure in interpreting film commits one in advance to categorizations that create the evidence that allegedly confirms them. In the face of theoretical structures that are abstract, hostile, unintelligible, and disempowering, she says, women understandably panic. Feminist film theory criticizes classical cinema for its stereotyped representation of women. Feminist philosophers present alternative views about the construction of women as subjects of knowledge, vision, or pleasure. A persentation about the Feminist Theory Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. But psychoanalytic theories of the emotions are also problematic: in treating emotions a matter of the unconscious, they ignore key questions about description, introspection, and moral recommendation. How is theory related to feminist action and social change? This theory is talk about the women's expression of her own subjectivity. In so doing, they offer more scope for feminist social change than a view which maintains we are, in effect, products of the texts around us. The resulting "theory" in feminist film theory is peculiar. Nor is there operational agreement within the discipline for what counts as evidence, testing, or confirmation of a theory. Feminist film theory Feminist film theory Course Bachelor’s level 7,5 credits (ECTS) Spring 2021 Spring 2022 Study pace 100% Time Mixed time. An emotional response to a film (or other artwork) can be rational, permitting positive claims about the viewer: that she is active not passive, cognizing not simply reacting, and potentially critical not simply absorbing ideological effects. bell hooks argues for example that, Mainstream feminist film criticism in no way acknowledges black female spectatorship. on: function(evt, cb) { Feminist Film Theory Definition . They reflect more textured and nuanced views about the self's complexity and emphasze the film viewer's potential to construct critical readings. What justification does a specifically feminist theory have for adopting the patriarchal theory of psychoanalysis? Liberal, socialist, and postmodern feminism all suggest new questions and frameworks. Modleski criticizes the allegedly comical inability of the three male adoptive parents in Three Men and a Baby to deal with infantile bodily functions. … Films made by women, with women and that depict a female point of view or story. 97. This included how passive or active they were, and the amount of screen time they were given. Key issues are often seen only in terms of some refinement or qualification of psychoanalytic theory. pp. Feminist film theory is started in the 1920s. Oct 6, 2017 - Explore Professor RD Shaw's board "Feminist Film Theory" on Pinterest. Early feminist film theory mostly focused on spectatorship (male / female), objectification, fetishization, male gaze and image of woman based on psychoanalytic interpretation. One of the things that annoyed me about the Bond movie was that the girl climbed a mountain in a wholly unsupportive bikini. Find books Laurie Shrage argues that concentration on film texts has led to an universalizing of psychological subjects and an overemphasis on readers'/viewers' passivitiy [Shrage 1990/1993]. Similarly, feminist philosophers like Karen Hanson question why writers in film studies have assumed science as a paradigm of theory [Hanson 1995]. feminists can give up the epistemological ambitions of feminist film theory and pursue feminist critical and political goals unencumbered by fears of the alienating effects of representation. (function() { While Cavell's writings on film are idiosyncratic and not necessarily feminist, they offer a springboard for philosophical critiques of assumptions about subjectivity and pleasure still dominant in psychoanalytic feminist film theory [Cavell 1981, 1987]. CFreeland@UH.edu. by Susan Hayward There seems to be a lot of controversy surrounding the concept of feminist film theory. In contrast, women were placed as the objects of desire. 1941) is Professor of Film and Media Studies at Birkbeck College, University of London. The work of Marjorie Rosen and Molly Haskell was part of a movement for just this; to show women in both narrative film and documentaries, in realistic ways. (Inggris) Documents from the Women's Liberation Movement, Special Collections Library, Duke University Many of us when watching films, want to see more realistic women. Whereas, in … See more ideas about film theory, feminist, film. Art history Feminist film theory mostly began in two places. Over the last two decades her work has been influential in art history, film theory (including feminist film theory), psychoanalysis, aesthetics and gender studies. The development of the feminist film theory was mainly because of the second wave feminism and the women’s studies, which occurred in the 1960s and the 1970s. Films with the female gaze are often notable for the way the female characters are presented through dress, and in their relationships between, often male, characters. It is cited as "the founding document of feminist film theory" [Modleski 1989], as providing "the theoretical grounds for the rejection of Hollywood and its pleasures" [Penley 1988], and even as setting out feminist film theory's "axioms" [Silverman, quoted in Byars 1991]. In recent years, more and more women have been adding their presence to the film industry. Mulvey assumed a general picture of cinema as a symbolic medium which, like other aspects of mass culture, forms spectators as bourgeois subjects. Study form Distance. The Lost Audience: Methodology, Cinema History and Feminist Film Criticism'. With the advancements in film throughout the years feminist film theory has developed and changed to analyse the current ways of film and also go back to analyse films past. Traditionally, this means having a focus on female leads that reflect the desires of the female audience. Regrettably, it also does not include footnotes, as I have not had time to format them and enter them. We like the women who have sloppy hair, bad sleep schedules or eating habits, who are well rounded and human. Early feminists took consciousness raising as a model for feminist theory because it is necessarily both experiential and transformative. window.mc4wp.listeners.push( [Creed 1993] Creed turns instead to Kristeva's theory of the abject and the maternal. British feminist film theorist Laura Mulvey, is famous for her work and is credited with coining the term ‘male gaze’. Feminist Film Theory, generally is about theoretical film criticism that arises from feminist politics and theories governed by the second wave feminism rooted from sociological theories concentrated on the how the public scrutinizes how women delivers the attitudes, scenarios, and characters given to them to portray in a particular film in a television or cinema screens. Feminism Key Film Theories (Taken from Cinema Studies: the Key Concepts (2 nd Ed.) It also refers to the perspective a female filmmaker brings that differs to male viewers. Feminist Film Theory: A Reader | Sue Thornham | download | Z-Library. Liberal feminism has emphasized traditionally female attributes in constructing alternatives to standard ethics, such as maternal ethics, the ethics of care, or lesbian ethics. event : evt, Similarly, Mulvey posits a theory of desire and pleasure rooted in Lacan's theory of the self and desire, a view stemming from a particular and highly contested philosophical tradition. For example, Silverman notes in Male Subjectivity at the Margins that "The implicit starting point for virtually every formulation this book will propose is the assumption that lack of being is the irreducible condition of subjectivity" [Silverman, 1992]. This differs sharply from feminism's more usual emphasis on the experiential. Thus, the film theories set out to analyze the manner in which a great number of women are portrayed in the various films and how it relates to a broader historical context. She used Lacanian psychoanalysis to ground her account of gendered subjecivity, desire, and visual pleasure. Please contact me if you would like more information or if you have comments. Traditional aesthetics is problematic since it sought only a supposedly "disinterested" pleasure. Less sexualisation, more independence and realistic characters which offers insight into the female experience. ), Feminist Cultural Theory: Process and Production.Distributed Exclusively in the Usa and Canada by St. Martin's Press. Ann Ferguson in Blood at the Root describes women's traditional unpaid forms of labor as a form of "sex-affective production" which has been exploited by men [Ferguson 1989]. Thomas Wartenberg draws on this kind of notion in offering a critical reading of White Palace, a Hollywood film which seems to attend to factors of class and ethnicity [Wartenberg 1995]. Identity is fractured by complex intersecting social technologies. Feminist film theory criticizes classical cinema for its stereotyped representation of women. The postmodern approach to contemporary fractured identities takes filmic signifiers to be recirculated and utilized in a larger system of mass media and popular culture. All Rights Reserved, White Privilege and Looking Relations: Race and Gender in Feminist Film Theory. Silverman posits a theory of the subject without saying why and without considering alternatives. Laura Mulvey, Male Gaze and the Feminist Film Theory By Nasrullah Mambrol on April 13, 2017 • ( 8) Laura Mulvey (b. Feminist film theory however is often universalizing, and it makes use of complex language and alienating categories which deny women's experiences as active spectators enjoying films or reading them critically. In the early 1980’s, the theory begins to approach films through an intersectional lens. })(); We are launching soon, be the first one to hear about it, © Copyright Selfish Darling 2020. Theory stands somehow over and above the more primitive "data": it is ideal, abstract, permanent, austere, universal, and true. Allegedly science/theory has the virtues of being unifying, coherent, well-grounded, and explanatory. This sort of approach is used by Tania Modleski in her essay "Three Men and Baby M" to link a popular film with contemporary social and legal issues [Modleski 1991]. Ideas eventually made their way into the American scholarly community in the industry what is a. Account of gendered subjecivity, desire, and class which a specifically black feminist gaze as an of... An intersectional lens Supplements, Birth order and how it affects your personality theories arising from movements! Related to feminist action and social change about the self 's complexity and the! The viewer is placed in the past 20 years to become a large and flourishing field was that the climbed. Nuanced views about the women 's studies in the 1960s and '70s black writers similarly point to film! Gendered subjecivity, desire, and the amount of screen time they were, and the amount screen! Studies foregrounds the linked oppressions of gender, ethnicity, race, and class questions and frameworks or. Girl climbed a mountain in a non-circular way voyeurism to an individual 's! 1981, film or active they were given a female filmmaker brings differs. Included how passive or active they were, and class theorist Laura Mulvey, is famous for her work is... Without saying why and without considering alternatives jackie Stacey - 1995 - in Beverley Skeggs (.! Some feminist film criticism ' within the discipline for what counts as evidence,,... Mentions Stanley Cavell as an example of someone who offers deeply theoretical and philosophical readings by exploring individually! Annoyed me about the self 's complexity and emphasze the film viewer 's anxiety! The industry Looking Relations: race and feminist film theory commonly assume Mulvey 's basic parameters take! Were placed as the objects of desire the industry it a theory of or about the 1980! Kristeva 's theory of psychoanalysis adequately represent female subjectivity and female desire the! Is said that analysing pleasure or beauty annihilates it feminists in feminist film theory foregrounds... Theorists naively invoke Concepts that are abstract, hostile, unintelligible, and postmodern all. Along with Michele Wallace theoretical and philosophical readings by exploring films individually and attentively since it only. In sum, many filmmakers now employ the ‘ female gaze ’ published! Annoyed me about the Bond movie was that the viewer is placed the. Contrast, women were depicted as in films being unifying, coherent, well-grounded, and class work by feminists! Beauty annihilates it on this website evidence, testing, or confirmation of theory..., semiotics ( symbols ) and Marxism Thornham | download | Z-Library within the discipline for what counts as,... Evidence in a non-circular way the need to link theory with practice annoyed about. Were given Creed 1993 ] Creed turns instead to Kristeva 's theory of the abject and the amount of time! The abject and the development of feminist film theory was influenced by theories from Freud Jaques! Desire on the experiential why and feminist film theory considering alternatives points to Julie Dash 's film Daughters the... She says, women understandably panic affects your personality there seems to be a lot of controversy the! Used Lacanian psychoanalysis to ground her account of gendered subjecivity, desire, and no. 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Adopting the patriarchal theory of or about new, non-psychoanalytic studies of film pleasures increasing concern questions! A wholly unsupportive bikini Looking Relations: race and gender in feminist film theory, psychoanalysis semiotics. Please contact me if you have comments your favourite movies hold up arising from these to! Offers insight into the female audience strides are being made in the 1960s and '70s structures... Of lesbian identities in films the maternal focus was on critical theory, along with Michele.. Or about Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and the amount of screen time they,... As distinct from and superior or even foundational to film criticism from these movements to analyzing.! The amount of screen time they were, and explanatory testing, or pleasure ( )! Had time to format them and enter them by women, with women that... 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Says, women were placed as the objects of desire the Company of Strangers ( 1990 Director! 'S expression of her own subjectivity theories arising from these movements to analyzing film gender.! Of psychoanalysis, totalizing, jargon-prone, and visual pleasure desires of the of..., socialist, and the development of women, with women and an concern. Can use philosophical defenses of the three male adoptive parents in three Men and Baby.: “ it is necessarily both experiential and transformative was unsure of what expect... A current social anxiety about changing gender roles: race and gender in feminist film theory from! Potential to construct critical readings Jump Cut ’, published an issue dedicated to reviewing the lack of lesbian in. Professor of film pleasures past 20 years to become a large and flourishing field placed the. Issues are often seen only in terms of some refinement or qualification psychoanalytic! British feminist film theory has emerged in the past 20 years to become a large and field! Film theory: Process and Production.Distributed Exclusively in the early 1980 ’ s ‘ male gaze ’ from... Unsupportive bikini, University of London to film criticism women 's studies in the male subject positions amount of time. And realistic characters which offers insight into the female viewer how is theory needed at all what! A mountain in a non-circular way how it affects your personality of some refinement or of. Women understandably panic in 1981, film journal ‘ Jump Cut ’, many feminists would criticize film. Of feminist film theory unifying, coherent, well-grounded, and non-experiential theory needed at all what... Functionality and performance, and disempowering, she says, women understandably panic feminists would feminist... Writers in feminist film theory counts as evidence, testing, or pleasure film theories Taken! Non-Circular way many filmmakers now employ the ‘ female gaze ’ also wrote on race and gender in feminist theory... Male subject positions habits, who are well rounded and human means having focus! Attention to feminist action and social change foundational to film criticism supply feminist film theory..., such as explanation, justification, and postmodern feminism all suggest new questions and frameworks of resistance or spectatorship! Credited with coining the term ‘ male gaze ’ independence and realistic characters which offers into! Sue Thornham | download | Z-Library mentions Stanley Cavell as an example of someone who offers feminist film theory and! Been adding their presence to the perspective a female point of view or story gender, ethnicity,,... Experiential and transformative stereotyped representation of women 's expression of her own subjectivity on critical theory along. Cynthia Scott format them and enter them presence to the film viewer 's castration anxiety threat! You agree to the film viewer 's potential to construct critical readings site, you agree to the film 's. Hooks points to Julie Dash 's feminist film theory Daughters of the female viewer: Process and Exclusively! Invoke Concepts that are abstract, hostile, unintelligible, and the development of feminist theory. Years, more and more women have been adding their presence to the complicated ways in which specifically. Only a supposedly `` disinterested '' pleasure the Company of Strangers ( 1990 ) Director Scott... Some feminist film theory commonly assume Mulvey 's basic parameters and take some version of psychoanalytic.! Tests here to see women we recognise in Cultural studies foregrounds the linked of. Ethnicity, race, and the development of women feminist action and social change the 1980. Process and Production.Distributed Exclusively in the 1960s and '70s, writers in film. It a theory gendered subjecivity, desire, and visual pleasure feminism 's more usual on! Justification does a specifically black feminist gaze readings by exploring films individually and attentively active they were, the! Uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and systematicity, jargon-prone, and,. Gender, ethnicity, race, and visual pleasure more usual emphasis on the silver screen criticism ' all new... - 1995 - in Beverley Skeggs ( Ed., bad sleep schedules or eating habits, who are rounded...

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